16°C - 27°C / 60°F - 80 °F. If a human, most commonly a young child, has nibbled on the Dieffenbachia, they may encounter symptoms such as a burning sensation on the lips, tongue, inside the mouth, or in the throat. Chase) Disease Cycle - The Xanthomonas bacteria enter a leaf through hydathodes on the leaf margins, stomates on the lower surface, or wounds. If there is any brown in the cross-section of the stem that you just cut you will need to keep cutting out the stem until you don't see the brown anymore. Avoid coming into contact with the sap and if you do, wash it off before you accidentally rub your eye or somewhere equally unfortunate. Given the plant’s adaptability to a variety of lighting conditions, it makes for a good easy-care houseplant in most homes and offices. D. bowmannii has humongous leaves (2ft across). You don’t want the soil to be wet, because it can cause root rot. you’ll need to have good knowledge of how to care it, which I’ll go into details in this article. All true stories if you believe those annoying email chains / Facebook shares. If you can see past this weakness you are in for a treat because Dieffenbachias have some of the most beautiful mix of green / white / yellow foliage you will ever find on an indoor plant. You can dip the cut end of the stem in rooting hormone to encourage root growth, though, generally, Dieffenbachia plants will successfully root without this step. Many varieties of Dieffenbachia can grow to ceiling-height quite rapidly, so if you would prefer to keep your plant compact, then you will need to keep it in a restrictive pot. Dumb Cane are moderately easy plants that require light or partial shade and an evenly moist environment. This might be an option if the plant suffers from a disease or has stem rot from the top. The Dieffenbachia sap contains calcium oxalate crystals called raphides. Constant draughts will result in yellowing leaves and leaf drop. Although the Dieffenbachia plant prefers humid conditions, it usually does just fine in average humidity found in homes. How to Fertilize Dieffenbachia? As the water evaporates, the air around the plant will become more humid. Cut the scorch out, or remove the entire leaf entirely then find a new shadier home for the plant. A good potting medium for rooting dieffenbachia stem cuttings is half sand, half peat moss mixed thoroughly. Find the balance that works for your plant and stick with it. The foliage is pale yellow with vibrant green edges. The old wisp of air when a door opens or closes is perfectly fine, but intense and constant draughts will result in yellowing leaves and leaf drop. This is an especially bushy-looking variety, with a habit to grow very densely so that the stem is no longer visible. Stem rot is common with overwatering. The leaves almost appear as if the paint has been flicked all over them. Red Spider Mites normally only arrive when humidity is low, therefore try to increase it to deter them. When disease is severe, separate spots coalesce and kill the leaf. Credit for Dieffenbachia's (x3) Article / Gallery taken by Forest & Kim Starr Chances of recovery don’t look great, but you can try cutting off the infected parts and treating the plant with liquid copper. Many garden centres which sell indoor houseplants will sell pre-made substrate mixes containing a mix of organic matter soil and grit and clay which is formulated specifically for plants of jungle origins. The leaves have white veins on a bright green and pale green variegation. Stem rot caused by Erwinia spp. The Golden Rule is to water well, then leave to dry out, before watering really well again. Although Dieffenbachias prefer bright light, they will do just fine in moderate light or even partially shaded environments. Root rot usually results from a soil mix that does not drain quickly or overly frequent watering. Sit your Dieffenbachia plant on a tray that is covered in rocks or pebbles, and then, cover the pebbles with water. Half of the cutting should be buried in the soil, and half should be sticking out. Too much fertilizer can cause marginal leaf burn. The bright and bold colors of this plant make it perfect for bringing fun and vibrancy to a dull corner of a room. We've covered this for you already at the beginning of the article. Sometimes yellowing leaves and stunted, small new leaves can be symptoms of root rot, insufficient light, pot-bound roots or a nutrient deficiency. Fiddle Leaf Fig Tree - Optimal Growing and Care Tips, 14 Low-Maintenance Water Plants - Growing Tips + Photos, 8 Indoor Hanging Plants That You Can Grow Indoors, 7 Medicinal Plants You Should Have In Your Garden. Dumb Cane (Dieffenbachia picta) is a perennial native to tropical forest regions. This variation of the Dieffenbachia plant is popular in homes and offices because it does well in dim conditions with very little light. This is actually wrong, light shade is acceptable but nothing darker. It will kill your children, it will commit murder most foul and its even been known to burn down houses! If you’re looking for a larger indoor plant, it’s worth considering. The plant suffers if the temperatures get to low, it would prefer to share your living areas rather than hidden away in a rarely used unheated guest room. As a Team, we've almost 50 years of hands on experience as well as a variety of horticulture skills. This is one of the great features of the Dieffenbachia because if you ever need to, you can completely cut it back to just a short stem and it will regrow to a lush plant in a relatively short space of time. To get a stem cutting, locate the main chunky stem of the plant and cut off a two-inch piece with a sharp razor or pruning tool. A larger pot will stimulate growth and the advantage is a larger buffer soil so that the water is more spread and there is less chance of root rot. Ensure the plant is in well-draining soil and that the pot has drainage holes in the bottom. Meanwhile, fill a small and shallow pot with a rooting medium and ensure that it is watered to the point of being moist. Canadian Biodiversity Information Facility, University of Florida- Institute of Food and Agricultural Services, 9 Different Indoor Tropical Plants - Growing Guides & Photos. Pay close attention to the condition of your plant’s soil before watering. Therefore, always water the plant when necessary. You can take only a few cuttings from part of a stem or prune an entire stem to the base and section it into cuttings. No lower than 10°C / 50°F (and even then this should be infrequently reached). This variety grows even more quickly than your average Dieffenbachia, so it may need to be pruned more frequently to prevent overgrowth. Confusingly brown edges can also indicate underwatering. The leaves are smaller than some of the other varieties, growing to around 12 inches in length. Occasionally you may find water like droplets have formed and collected on the leaf tips. Avoid scorching sun. The easiest way to prevent accidental overwatering is to follow our guidelines whereby you check that the top layer of soil is dry before adding further water to the plant. Spraying plants frequently with a light mist of water will increase the humidity, and this also has the added benefit of keeping dust from settling on the leaves. Make sure you don't use soil that retains so much water that the soil stays wet, not moist, for more than a day, because this could cause root rot. Dieffenbachia is an attractive houseplant with foliage that makes it a decorative centerpiece for your home. Roots should be white and free from any disease or rot. 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