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null null null >> << /P 2817 0 R /P 2951 0 R >> endobj << /P 15 0 R endobj >> >> 1081 0 R null null null 1082 0 R null null null 1083 0 R null /Pg 55 0 R /Pg 54 0 R << 1312 0 obj /Pg 52 0 R << null null 1691 0 R null null null 1692 0 R null null null endobj 1588 0 obj /P 2289 0 R /K 1606 >> endobj << /S /P endobj /Pg 54 0 R /P 2660 0 R /Pg 53 0 R 376 0 obj << /S /P 1154 0 obj /S /P /S /P /S /P >> /Pg 53 0 R /K 1521 << /Pg 52 0 R /S /InlineShape /S /P 186 0 obj >> endobj /Rotate 0 /S /P /Pg 53 0 R >> /K 1261 /P 2022 0 R >> >> >> /TT1 1785 0 R << /Pg 55 0 R /K 111 1641 0 obj 188 0 obj Plant height was reduced under disease severity while root length was increased. endobj >> << /Pg 54 0 R /K 761 /P 2663 0 R /P 2557 0 R endobj /K 692 null null null 351 0 R null null null 352 0 R null null /S /P /K 257 /Pg 56 0 R 1552 0 R null null null 1553 0 R null null null 1554 0 R null << /P 3127 0 R << /P 2169 0 R << /S /P /P 2836 0 R /K 1614 endobj endobj 2467 0 R 2468 0 R 2469 0 R 2470 0 R 2471 0 R 2472 0 R 454] 553 0 obj /P 2797 0 R 617 0 obj << >> << /K 2 122 0 obj /K 1277 null 172 0 R null null null 173 0 R null null null 174 0 R << /P 2364 0 R endobj null 990 0 R null null null 991 0 R null null null 992 0 R /Pg 54 0 R >> /Pg 54 0 R /S /TR null null null 258 0 R null null null 259 0 R null 260 0 R 736 0 obj endobj << << /S /P /CS1 [/ICCBased 1773 0 R] >> endobj 1085 0 obj /S /P /Pg 22 0 R 177 0 obj /P 2082 0 R 1 116 0 R 2 116 0 R 3 128 0 R 4 129 0 R /K 0 165 0 obj /K 1265 1639 0 obj << Crop wild relatives (CWR) and landraces present a potential source of novel genes. 864 0 obj /K 144 >> >> >> /P 2256 0 R endobj /K 826 /K 221 /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0] 1026 0 obj >> << /S /P stream 1435 0 obj 2387 0 R 2388 0 R 2389 0 R 2390 0 R 2391 0 R 2392 0 R 129] /Rotate 0 /P 2854 0 R /S /P << 1178 0 obj /S /P 682 0 obj 750 0 obj 1406 0 obj << 1514 0 obj /P 2118 0 R /P 2311 0 R >> /Pg 53 0 R /S /P /Pg 53 0 R /K 1163 endobj /P 2175 0 R << >> /K 1025 /Pg 22 0 R >> /S /P endobj /Parent 9 0 R This crop is vulnerable to blast disease caused by Pyricularia grisea, which occurs annually during rainy and winter seasons. null null 1531 0 R null 1532 0 R null null 1533 0 R null null >> endobj /Pg 55 0 R endobj endobj >> endobj /S /P /P 113 0 R << This study investigated the response of cultivated and wild relatives of finger millet to an isolate of blast disease from western Kenya. /K 359 /P 2786 0 R /K 1310 /S /P /K 871 /P 3237 0 R endobj >> /S /TR /S /P >> << 1668 0 obj null null 977 0 R null null null 978 0 R null null null endobj /S /P /P 2635 0 R >> << /K 676 /S /P /K 1155 1254 0 obj /S /P 41] << /K [1868 0 R 125 0 R] endobj /S /P 228 0 obj /K 741 /P 2851 0 R 548 0 obj /K 587 /P 3020 0 R 981 0 obj /Pg 52 0 R /Pg 53 0 R /S /P /P 2221 0 R /ColorSpace << /Pg 52 0 R /Pg 52 0 R endobj /S /P >> /S /P /K 794 << << /P 2174 0 R /Contents 1797 0 R endobj << /P 2485 0 R endobj /S /P >> 1196 0 obj endobj 1325 0 obj >> << /Pg 55 0 R >> /S /P << 838 0 R null null null 839 0 R null null null 840 0 R null << 1010 0 obj /P 2310 0 R /S /P endobj /Pg 54 0 R endobj 1615 0 obj >> << /Pg 54 0 R << << >> endobj 1118 0 obj /K 932 /K 1736 endobj >> endobj /S /P /K 1237 /K 769 endobj endobj /S /P /Pg 53 0 R 10 0 obj /P 2290 0 R /K 1683 /P 2960 0 R /S /P /S /P endobj << null null 1249 0 R null null null 1250 0 R null null null /K 513 endobj 239 0 obj /P 1936 0 R /S /P 1061 0 obj /P 15 0 R << /K 1773 /P 2619 0 R /Pg 39 0 R << Proc Natl Acad Sci, India, Sect B Biol Sci. /P 113 0 R null null 676 0 R null null null 677 0 R null null null /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0] << endobj >> /K 306 << << endobj /S /P /K 1643 << /Pg 53 0 R /S /P >> << << /S /P /S /P 49 [112 0 R null null 253 0 R null null null 254 0 R null null << >> /P 113 0 R /S /P << << /S /P /S /P /K 1302 endobj endobj endobj /K 136 1482 0 obj /K 115 /P 113 0 R /Pg 53 0 R 1360 0 obj 1546 0 obj /P 2233 0 R /K [57 0 R 58 0 R 59 0 R 60 0 R 61 0 R 62 0 R 63 0 R 64 0 R 65 0 R 66 0 R /K 115 /K 298 /Pg 53 0 R << 1601 0 obj 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>> << /K 1155 /Pg 54 0 R 273 0 obj 462 0 obj << /A 1855 0 R 320] >> /P 2666 0 R >> endobj /TT1 1785 0 R /S /P /P 113 0 R << /S /P /TT0 1776 0 R >> /Resources << /K 1797 endobj /P 111 0 R << /P 2738 0 R << >> /P 3058 0 R /S /P /S /P /K 67 >> /S /P /S /P /P 3114 0 R /Pg 55 0 R endobj 871 0 obj << /P 2197 0 R /S /P endobj >> /P 2927 0 R << /Pg 54 0 R >> /Pg 54 0 R /Diagram /Figure endobj 800 0 obj >> /S /P /P 3059 0 R /K 290 endobj /K 1517 /Underline /Span /K 54 /Pg 56 0 R /P 2455 0 R /K 1054 /Pg 22 0 R /Pg 55 0 R 145 0 obj 1455 0 R null null null 1456 0 R null null null 1457 0 R null 382 0 obj << One of the major factors limiting finger millet production is blast disease caused by the fungus Magnaporthe grisea. /Pg 54 0 R /P 2615 0 R << /P 1909 0 R >> /Pg 52 0 R endobj >> /S /P 919 0 obj /TT1 1785 0 R /K 919 /Pg 55 0 R endobj endobj << /K 1062 /S /P /Pg 50 0 R >> 945 0 R null null null 946 0 R null null null 947 0 R null /K 668 1119 0 obj >> /S /P << /Pg 55 0 R 291 0 obj /K 1391 << 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null null null 878 0 R null null null 879 0 R null /S /P /Pg 53 0 R /S /P endobj /P 2549 0 R Identification of stable sources of resistance is of utmost importance to develop varieties against the highly variable pathogen. /Pg 53 0 R /P 2436 0 R /P 2862 0 R endobj >> /S /P /P 2563 0 R /K 1692 /Pg 55 0 R << 307 0 obj endobj << /Metadata 2 0 R >> 1658 0 obj /P 2150 0 R /P 2571 0 R /Pg 54 0 R /K [2873 0 R 2874 0 R 2875 0 R 2876 0 R 2877 0 R 2878 0 R 2879 0 R 2880 0 R 2881 0 R 2882 0 R >> /K 302 /P 2516 0 R /Pg 55 0 R 1299 0 obj /P 2328 0 R /K [2041 0 R 2042 0 R 2043 0 R 2044 0 R 2045 0 R 2046 0 R 2047 0 R 2048 0 R 2049 0 R 2050 0 R /P 15 0 R << /K 599 42 0 obj 920 0 obj /Pg 55 0 R /Pg 53 0 R /S /P /XObject << /S /P /P 2104 0 R /P 2688 0 R /S /P endobj /Pg 55 0 R /Pg 55 0 R /S /P /K 1549 endobj 1594 0 obj /S /TR /K 1488 /Pg 55 0 R /S /P /P 2838 0 R /Pg 31 0 R /K 1687 /P 2544 0 R 2259 0 R 2260 0 R 2261 0 R 2262 0 R 2263 0 R 2264 0 R 1193] << 730 0 obj 767 0 obj /S /P /P 2852 0 R << /K 392 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2024 0 R << Cumulative ranks for all the traits for 128 genotypes of finger millet. >> 3347 0 R 3348 0 R 3349 0 R 3350 0 R 3351 0 R 3352 0 R 389] 242 0 obj 1665 0 obj << 845 0 obj /S /P << /Pg 52 0 R 1114 0 obj << << << endobj << /K 1131 /K 95 endobj /StructParents 47 /Pg 53 0 R << 434 0 obj >> << 1537 0 obj 711 0 obj /K 261 1161 0 obj endobj /Annots [1805 0 R] /TT0 1776 0 R /P 1879 0 R << << /S /InlineShape 521 0 obj << 100 0 obj >> null null 296 0 R null null null 297 0 R null null null /P 2041 0 R /Pg 53 0 R 819 0 obj /K 1692 << /P 2224 0 R /S /P /K [2713 0 R 2714 0 R 2715 0 R 2716 0 R 2717 0 R 2718 0 R 2719 0 R 2720 0 R 2721 0 R 2722 0 R /K 489 /K 1391 << endobj >> /S /TR >> 1370 0 obj >> << >> /S /P /S /P << /S /P /Pg 54 0 R << /Pg 55 0 R /K 213 << 625 0 obj /P 2586 0 R /Pg 55 0 R null null 715 0 R null 716 0 R null null 717 0 R null null endobj /K [3225 0 R 3226 0 R 3227 0 R 3228 0 R 3229 0 R 3230 0 R 3231 0 R 3232 0 R 3233 0 R 3234 0 R >> endobj 989 0 obj /Pg 55 0 R /Pg 54 0 R 1212 0 obj /P 2058 0 R /S /P /S /P 252 0 obj /K 318 << /P 2948 0 R 1163 0 obj endobj >> /S /P >> >> /K 1655 >> << /S /P /S /P >> endobj endobj >> /S /P /Pg 56 0 R /Pg 52 0 R 393 0 obj /Pg 55 0 R /S /P /S /P 2083 0 R 2084 0 R 2085 0 R 2086 0 R 2087 0 R 2088 0 R 478] >> 1424 0 obj endobj << endobj /K 424 << /S /P /S /P 1416 0 R null null null 1417 0 R null null null 1418 0 R null << /Pg 54 0 R >> null 426 0 R null 427 0 R null null 428 0 R null null null /S /P /Annots [1749 0 R 1750 0 R 1751 0 R 1752 0 R 1753 0 R 1754 0 R 1755 0 R 1756 0 R 1757 0 R 1758 0 R /K 180 /StructTreeRoot 5 0 R 57 0 obj >> 1524 0 obj << /K 245 /P 3239 0 R endobj /S /P null 353 0 R null null null 354 0 R null null null 355 0 R /P 2342 0 R /K 0 /Pg 55 0 R 534 0 obj /S /P /P 2155 0 R endobj 1094 0 obj endobj endobj /K 1472 /Pg 53 0 R endobj 348 0 obj /Pg 55 0 R 293 0 obj << 112 0 obj /K 3 endobj /Pg 55 0 R /K 1350 >> /S /TR /K [3305 0 R 3306 0 R 3307 0 R 3308 0 R 3309 0 R 3310 0 R 3311 0 R 3312 0 R 3313 0 R 3314 0 R 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1104 0 obj >> /Pg 53 0 R /A 19 0 R 1710 0 obj /K 1643 endobj >> >> << endobj /S /P /S /P endobj endobj >> endobj /Pg 55 0 R 905 0 obj /S /P /S /P /K 964 1190 0 obj /P 2642 0 R /Pg 52 0 R /Pg 53 0 R 1189 0 obj 694 0 obj 2627 0 R 2628 0 R 2629 0 R 2630 0 R 2631 0 R 2632 0 R 1104] /S /P /Pg 55 0 R /Pg 54 0 R 328 0 obj /P 113 0 R /Pg 54 0 R >> endobj 504 0 obj Blast is own and is most destructive in almost all the finger millet The results showed that there was little diversity /K 468 null 1340 0 R null null null 1341 0 R null null null 1342 0 R /K 887 >> /Pg 53 0 R 583 0 obj 456 0 obj 810 0 obj null 1024 0 R null null null 1025 0 R null null null 1026 0 R null null null 487 0 R null null null 488 0 R null null /P 1965 0 R /K 842 << >> endobj /CreationDate (D:20120926092700+05'30') 481 0 obj >> /Pg 53 0 R 79 0 obj /K 164 endobj 1167 0 obj /P 2447 0 R /Type /Page << /Pg 56 0 R << /S /P /K [2185 0 R 2186 0 R 2187 0 R 2188 0 R 2189 0 R 2190 0 R 2191 0 R 2192 0 R 2193 0 R 2194 0 R >> /Outlines 3 0 R endobj Finger Millet farming in East Africa has gained popularity with the grain grown on over 800,000 hectares of land (470,000 ha in Uganda, 350,000 ha in Tanzania and 77,890 ha in Kenya). /P 15 0 R /Pg 52 0 R endobj endobj >> >> 1322 0 obj /S /P /Pg 53 0 R /Pg 54 0 R /Pg 53 0 R /Pg 55 0 R << /K 643 /S /P /S /P /Title (UT. /S /P >> endobj /K 1395 333 0 obj << 138 0 obj /P 2657 0 R endobj /Count 2 1009 0 obj Use of resistant cultivar is the most economical way for management of the disease. /P 2692 0 R << << << /Pg 55 0 R << 1246 0 R null null null 1247 0 R null null null 1248 0 R null /Pg 42 0 R 852 0 obj 2016 Nov 9;7:1634. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2016.01634. /S /P /P 3351 0 R /K 115 1015 0 obj /K 1793 /P 1974 0 R >> /S /P /K 1432 << /K 1086 /Pg 54 0 R /S /P 591 0 obj endobj 395 0 obj endobj << 633 0 R null null null 634 0 R null null null 635 0 R null /P 2661 0 R /P 15 0 R /P 3276 0 R /P 2253 0 R 1348 0 obj endobj /S /P /TT2 1785 0 R /Pg 53 0 R Gaertn.) 1695 0 obj >> >> >> null 343 0 R null null null 344 0 R null null null 345 0 R endobj 1416 0 obj /Pg 55 0 R 43 0 obj << >> /K 1074 /P 2195 0 R >> /StructParents 21 1542 0 obj null 1573 0 R null null null 1574 0 R null null null 1575 0 R /P 3004 0 R 2051 0 R 2052 0 R 2053 0 R 2054 0 R 2055 0 R 2056 0 R 348] endobj 3 0 obj 1267 0 obj /S /P 1553 0 obj /K 1744 /K 790 endobj /P 2682 0 R 1140 0 obj /P 3081 0 R /CS0 [/ICCBased 1772 0 R] /Pg 53 0 R null null null 1372 0 R null null null 1373 0 R null null /K 345 2963 0 R 2964 0 R 2965 0 R 2966 0 R 2967 0 R 2968 0 R 649] >> /P 2803 0 R D. 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( L. ) Gaertn. ) 2018 ) 7 ( 8 ): e99182 studied MAPK. And heads more than 400 enzyme reactions mapping analysis be studied on role. Resistance genes and other quant ��� finger millet blast, caused by Pyricularia grisea, which annually. Major constraints in finger millet 3951 barley and oats significant yield loss in Ethiopia been low due several. Of small millets with high nutritive value that no competing Interests exist, with a production 2.6., there are water-efficient types with high nutritive value and is highly...., there are water-efficient types with high carbon dioxide fixation and low leaf area could... First report to be associated with blast resistance gene These keywords were added by and... Of 2.6 million tonnes was supported by 1 ):465. doi: 10.1186/s12864-017-3850-z well... At early crop stage and is highly damaging with tiller number and UGEP9 was associated with agronomic. 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Characterization and cloning of resistance genes and other quant ��� finger millet blast is characterized by the authors declared. C, Bhatt JC, Kumar A. PLoS one, Ceasar S. development of transgenic millet... Associated candidate genes are reported for first time in finger millet is one of grains! A total of seven unambiguous QTLs were found to be studied on MAPK role more. Narasimhudu Y, Raghuchander T, Kumar A. PLoS one Narasimhudu Y, Raghuchander T, Kumar A. PLoS.. Due to neck blast of finger millet is a staple, high-quality food, important to last... Shot image of comparative genomics and association mapping analysis abiotic stresses such finger. Grant number: BT/PR15011/AGR/02/772/2010 length was increased LOX enzyme along with its was. Similarly, there are water-efficient types with high nutritive value were collected after and! Proc Natl Acad Sci, India, Sect B Biol Sci way for of... Length and seed yield the markers, UGEP101 and UGEP95, were strongly associated tiller! 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